High energy density rechargeable magnesium battery using earth-abundant and non-toxic elements

Year: 2014 DOI: 10.1038/srep05622

Extra Information

Yuki Orikasa, Titus Masese, Yukinori Koyama, Takuya Mori, Masashi Hattori, Kentaro Yamamoto, Tetsuya Okado, Zheng-Dong Huang, Taketoshi Minato, Cédric Tassel, Jungeun Kim, Yoji Kobayashi, Takeshi Abe, Hiroshi Kageyama, Yoshiharu Uchimoto.   Scientific Reports, 2014, 4, 5622.


Rechargeable magnesium batteries are poised to be viable candidates for large-scale energy storage devices in smart grid communities and electric vehicles. However, the energy density of previously proposed rechargeable magnesium batteries is low, limited mainly by the cathode materials. Here, we present new design approaches for the cathode in order to realize a high-energy-density rechargeable magnesium battery system. Ion-exchanged MgFeSiO4 demonstrates a high reversible capacity exceeding 300 mAh·g(-1) at a voltage of approximately 2.4 V vs. Mg. Further, the electronic and crystal structure of ion-exchanged MgFeSiO4 changes during the charging and discharging processes, which demonstrates the (de)insertion of magnesium in the host structure. The combination of ion-exchanged MgFeSiO4 with a magnesium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide-triglyme electrolyte system proposed in this work provides a low-cost and practical rechargeable magnesium battery with high energy density, free from corrosion and safety problems.